While responsible lending has been the main focus of regulatory and media scrutiny this past year, Kym Dalton, the co-founder and COO of Australian Mortgage Marketplace (AMM), stressed the importance of responsible borrowing and spending, which he said are “interlinked”.
Speaking on Nest Egg sister site, The Adviser’s latest webcast on responsible lending, he said that such responsible borrowing and spending requires a shift in the delivery of financial education to borrowers - that is, it needs to be more context-driven.
“Seemingly, every time we have a commission or a report, there's a general clamour for increased financial literacy... That's quite often like a faith-based mission or a conscience sale because it's my opinion that generalised financial literacy really doesn't have much impact,” Mr Dalton said.
“I would endorse increased levels of financial literacy, but I am a passionate believer that it has to be approximate to purchases and it has to have context.
“It has to be related to the product that's being sought or required to have real meaningful impact.”
The AMM chief operating officer noted that the importance of context-driven financial literacy is further supported by a “phenomenon called the optimism bias”, where borrowers apply for loans without factoring in potential risks.
“People actually apply for loans in the expectation that things won't go wrong or things will get better,” Mr Dalton said.
“I think it's behoven upon lenders and brokers to actually just be aware of the optimism bias and encourage people to actually borrow responsibly.”
In agreeance with Mr Dalton, the chair of Opica Group, Brett Spencer, emphasised that customers should also be responsible about the debts they take on, warning that the current generation of Australians - or what he called “Generation Now” and “Generation Me” - has a different mindset when it comes to borrowing and spending.
“Quite often people want to [buy property] in an area where they're renting. So, say you want to live in Richmond in Melbourne and you're paying $600 a week for a nice two-bedroom apartment. But if you want to buy a two-bedroom house in Richmond, [it’s going to be] in the million-dollar range,” he said.
“In comparative speak, you're spending $2,500 on rent [per month, but you’re] not going to make the same amount in mortgage repayment on a principal and interest basis.”
A study by ME Bank earlier this year showed that the majority of first home buyers are “clueless” about property buying, with 61 percent of the 1,000 Australians that were tested on the basics of purchasing property failing, compared to 27 per cent of owner-occupiers and 25 per cent of investors.
Specifically, the study found that 88 per cent of FHBs did not understand that lenders’ mortgage insurance covers lenders, not borrowers; 85 per cent were unaware that there is no cooling off period when purchasing at an auction; 78 per cent lacked the knowledge that deposits need to be paid on auction day; 66 per cent were unfamiliar with conveyancing; and 63 per cent didn’t know what an offset account is.
This is where brokers come in, according to Brendan Wright, the chief executive of finance aggregator FAST. In the panel discussion with Mr Dalton and Mr Spencer, he said that the onus is on brokers to ask borrowers “the right type of questions to understand what their living expenses and debts are [and] make sure everything is disclosed.”
“It's in their best interests that there [are] no surprises down the track,” Mr Wright added.
“I think those conversations have always been had, but they need to be had in an even more genuine, authentic way... [you need to] demonstrate to the customer that you're putting their interests first.
“I acknowledge that means some tough conversations, but that's the reality of the game we're in.”
Mr Spencer warned that consumers “will always find a way to get what they want”.
For example, they might be transparent with the first broker they consult only to find out that they don’t qualify for a mortgage. They might then visit a different broker or go straight to a bank branch and disclose less information and get the loan approved, according to the Opica chair.
“They've learnt from their mistakes on what they should and shouldn't disclose and then they'll disclose something different," he said.
“One thing that we can never fail to underestimate is the persistence of someone who wants that end goal.”
Mr Dalton expressed his belief that there should consequences for irresponsible borrowing (especially for “serial offenders”) as there are consequences for irresponsible lending.
“I believe the [Combined Industry Forum] is making some initiatives in this direction. Right now, there is no particular sanction against irresponsible borrowing. You don't get the loan, but there's no real sanction,” the AMM chief operating officer said.
“I think as we explore the world of responsible lending further, there should be.”
Mr Spencer added that lenders never go back to the customer who might have lied in their home loan application and ask for their money back.
“In 26 years, I've never heard of a case of a lender going back to a borrower after they've taken their loan… [saying] ‘you lied about your expenses in your application; I want my money back’,” the Opica chair said.
“There is no recourse back for the lie and in the event that there is a problem down the track.”