What are the proposals?
If elected, the Labor Party will limit negative gearing to new housing from 1 January 2020.
Further, the Labor Party plans to halve the capital gains discount for all assets purchased after the same date. In effect, this will reduce the capital gains tax discount for assets that are held longer than 12 months from 50 per cent to 25 per cent.
On both measures, all changes will be grandfathered, which means they won’t apply retrospectively.
The announcement will bring greater certainty to investors who were waiting on Labor to provide more details around its proposal.
The Parliamentary Budget Office has costed the two measures to raise $2.9 billion over the forward estimates period to 2022-23, and $35.1 billion over the next decade.
Mr Bowen also announced that Labor will revamp the build-to-rent scheme, giving institutional investors a tax concession to encourage the building of new rental properties.
If elected, the opposition will cut the managed investment trust withholding rate in half, from 30 per cent to 15 per cent, on tax distributions attributable to investments in build-to-rent housing.
“Federal Labor’s reforms to negative gearing enjoy the support of many independent economists and think tanks like the Grattan Institute and Saul Eslake as well as international economic agencies like the International Monetary Fund,” said Mr Bowen.
“The fact is, the benefits of both negative gearing and the capital gains tax discount are skewed towards the wealthy, with the Grattan Institute estimating almost 70 per cent of the benefit of the CGT discount accrues to the top 10 per cent of income earners.”