According to a recent report from the Committee for Economic Development of Australia (CEDA), 44 per cent of Australians think they’ve gained nothing from the last 26 years of growth.
“This view … is I think in many ways, an inaccurate one,” independent economist, Saul Eslake told the Nest Egg podcast team.
“But there are nonetheless some very important kernels of truth in the view.”
He said the fact that Australians feel so despondent about the country’s economic prosperity is understandable when looking back over the last seven years.
“If we look at say the last seven years since the peak of the mining boom then Australian living standards have, on average, stagnated,” he said.
“That's reflected in the unprecedentedly low rates of growth in people's wages, the fact that most people are paying an increasing proportion of their incomes in income tax over that time, the fact that a growing number of people have been unable to access home ownership in the way that previous generations have done, and in the sense of greater uncertainty about Australia's economic future.”
The mining boom has peaked, and with the descent, Australians are feeling more confronted by international uncertainty.
However, inequality is also taking effect.
Mr Eslake explained, “Although we haven't seen a widening in the distribution of income across income classes in Australia that some other countries have, we have seen a widening in the inequality and in the distribution of wealth.
“We've also seen increases in inequality of income and wealth across age groups. That is, the older have gained at the expense of the young, and between different parts of Australia. Cities, and in particular Sydney, Melbourne and Perth, have gained at the expense of people living outside of Australia's major capital cities, in regional areas.”
He said inequality, or at least the perception of it, is most visible when economies are growing slowly as it’s difficult for a group to improve its position without the perception that it is at someone else’s expense, whether that’s true or not.
This is most visible where age is concerned.
While it’s statistically valid that inequality across income groups hasn’t worsened, those figures “tend to obscure” changing wealth trends across age groups.
“For example, over the last 15 years … the share of income and wealth accruing to or owned by people over 65 has risen, while the share that they pay of personal income tax has declined, and the opposite has been true for people aged between 25 and 45,” Mr Eslake explained.
“Pensions paid to older systems have been indexed in line with or faster than inflation, whereas benefits that are primarily directed towards young people, such as the New Start allowance, or the youth allowance, or living away from home allowance, have barely been indexed at all.”
Quoting Treasurer Scott Morrison’s claim that negatively geared property investors were, by and large, “mums and dads trying to get ahead”, Mr Eslake said he’s surprised more investors aren’t asking, who are the people they’re getting ahead of?
“The answer to that question is increasingly their own children, or their children's peers and friends,” he said.
“I sometimes think, why aren't there more young people on the streets chanting and saying, ‘What do we, like, want? Like, cheaper housing. When do we like, want it? Like, now,’ in a way that people who are now in their 50s might have demonstrated against the Vietnam War.”
To hear more from Saul, tune in to Nest Egg’s latest podcast. Listen here.