Roger Montgomery, chief investment officer at Montgomery Investment Management, has told investors the time to consider cash within portfolios is now, as global interest rates are putting downward pressure on the value and price of most assets and central bank policy globally is defined by Quantitative Tightening.
“As interest rates rise, asset values fall, and that applies to all assets – businesses, shares, property, land, everything that produces income,” Mr Montgomery explained.
“All you have to remember is that rising interest rates affect asset values the way gravity affects everything on the earth.”
“It’s a trend that’s likely to play out for some time. And that’s why it makes sense to be holding cash.”
Why are interest rates rising?
According to Mr Montgomery, this trend in rising interest rates is derived from structural changes across many of the central banks, including the US Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Bank of Japan (BoJ), towards policies of Quantitative Tightening.
He said it is important for investors to recognise that the US Federal Reserve has been actively trying to reduce the size of the balance sheet by tapering purchases of government bonds at the same time US President Donald Trump has been funding his larger budget deficits, the corporate tax cuts, with bond issues.
“So, what we have today is more US bonds being issued by the US Treasury at a time there is less bond buying by central banks,” Mr Montgomery said.
“In other words, the world’s biggest buyer of bonds over the last 10 years has stopped buying and will begin to sell.
“When supply goes up and demand goes down, bond prices have to fall and, consequently, bond rates have to rise.”
With the Fed reducing its bond purchasing and the US government issuing more bonds to fund its deficits, the higher yields on government bonds are appearing more attractive.
Subsequently, investors who were overallocated in corporate bonds are selling such bonds, driving their yields higher too.
How can this impact investors?
Mr Montgomery said it is vital for investors to understand that when companies on the brink of being financially viable witness their bond ratings fall and experience rising interest rates, they often start to lay off staff or, potentially, go under.
“As the market casts its shadow before it, the time to be concerned is probably now,” he said.
He said that with lower returns predicted for aggregate benchmarks, such as the S&P500, it is important for investors to use caution when investing.
“Now is the time, if there ever was a time, to pursue strategies that emphasise the preservation of capital rather than full participation in rising markets,” Mr Montgomery said.
He warned investors that even if sentiment sparks price rises over the following months, the structural change of global banks means asset valuations will continue falling.
“Cash is most valuable when nobody else has any. That time, when cash is most valuable, appears to have arrived,” he concluded.